If your car has a few years on it (like mine) chances are that it is near impossible for you to have a conversation at normal speaking volume while driving down a gravelly road or rumbling along the motorway.
Driving creates a lot of vibrations which, unless your car is well cushioned, oiled and insulated, will find their way into your car and make a lot of noise!
If you want to be able to enjoy your music, hear your radio or have a conversation in your car without having to shout then there are a few steps you can take to make your car more soundproof.
This is done by deadening the vibrations which will reduce the volume of road noise inside your vehicle.
If your engine is making an irritating rattling noise it may be caused by a lifter tick, this should be fixed before you start soundproofing.
1) Install Sound Deadening Foam On Your Vehicle Floor
The floor of your car has a very large surface area and is in closest proximity to your vehicle’s wheels and axles. This means that vibrations travel straight into it and can often be amplified by the floor creating a lot of noise inside your car!
The best way to minimize vibrations travelling through your car floor is to lay down a sound deadening mat (AKA a foam shield).
This will absorb vibrations from your floor and significantly reduce road noise.
One of the best sound deadening mats available for reducing road noise is Dynamat (it’s quite expensive so check out some of these Dyanamat alternatives if you want to save some money):
- Nine 18" x 32" sheets high tack permanent adhesive
- Aluminum-coated for heat-resistance
- Increased flexibility
Dynamat is relatively easy to install, simply:
- Remove your floor mats.
- Cut to fit your car (use your existing floor mats as a template to cut around).
- Peal off the backing.
- Stick and press the Dynamat into place.
- Replace your original floor mats on top.
- Enjoy the quiet!
A word of warning though, Dynamat is very sticky so try and avoid getting it stuck to yourself as it can be painful and frustrating removing it!
Noico also do some very good sound deadening foam which is significantly cheaper than Dynamat:
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Regardless of which sound deadening foam you use the effectiveness of it will largely depend on how thoroughly you cover your vehicle’s floor.
Many people just cover the passenger and driver footwells however to get the most of your mats you should also cover the rear footwells and the boot of your car if possible too.
If you are soundproofing a van then you should also cover the cargo space too, especially if it is an open cargo space rather than a cargo space which is separate from the cabin.
The large flat cargo area in most vans acts similar to a big drum allowing vibrations to be amplified.
If your cabin and cargo space are separate then the sound reduction will be much less significant however it will help stop vibrations reverberating from the cargo area into the cabin so is still worth doing.
2) Insulate Your Car Doors
A lot of cars have very thin doors with minimal insulation (just an empty cavity inside) so insulating your doors can have a big impact on the volume of road noise inside your vehicle.
To insulate your doors first of all your need to remove the inside panels.
To do this you will need to locate and unscrew all screws on the interior of your vehicle doors. This will expose the inside of your door and will allow you to measure how much insulation will be required.
Choose insulation which has a peelable sticky back such as Noico which you can simply peel and stick to the door. This will make the job much easier than having to manually stick insulation down as this will usually require removing the entire door.
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Ensure that you cover as much of the door as possible with insulation while taking care to avoid obstructing any moving parts such as the lock or window mechanisms.
Then screw you door panels back on and you’re done…with soundproofing the doors!
Also Read: 14 Of The Best Car Sound Deadening Materials
3) Change Your Car Tires For Quieter Ones
Your car tires have an enormous impact on road noise in your car.
Your wheels are the only part of your vehicle in contact with the road, every single vibration which finds it way into your vehicle while driving has to travel through them.
Changing your tires can therefore have a significant impact on road noise. When looking for tires which will help soundproof your car and reduce road noise there are a few key things to take into consideration.
Low profile tires are the worst type of tire for road noise, the best tires are tires which maximise the amount of rubber between your car and the metal wheel.
Unfortunately, fashion has dictated that a large wheel with a very slim profile tire is the most attractive wheel style these days. This means that particularly in newer cars there is often minimal rubber on the wheel to absorb and cushion your car against road vibrations.
You should review your car manual to find out what the maximum tire size you can fit on your car is and go for that option.
Tire width is also important in reducing road noise, a broad wide tire has much more surface area in contact with the road, this means that more of your wheel is in contact with the road this providing the opportunity for more vibrations to pass through your wheel.
Having narrow wheels will reduce the amount of contact your cat has with the road and therefore reduce road vibrations. Again check in your car manual to find out what the thinnest wheel & tire you can fit on your car is.
Getting The Right Tire For your Driving Style
Tires are built differently depending on what the intended use of them is.
Tires which are designed to carry heavy loads are much harder and will therefore transfer much more road noise, tires which are designed to be driven at high speeds are also much more solid than tires designed to be used at lower speeds.
Many road users often use tires which are designed for vehicles far heavier or faster than their vehicle, this leads to an unnecessarily noisy ride.
To work out which is the right tire for your you first need to understand tire descriptions.
Here is an example:
These are printed on the rim of every tire and, if you know how to read it, it gives you all the information you need to know about whether the tire will fit your car and if it will help reduce road noise.
Have a read through our guide below to tire descriptions:
215 = your tire is 215mm wide
The first number, 215, indicates the width of your tire in millimetres. Narrower tires are better for road noise reduction.
60 = the profile height of your tire is 60% of the width of the tire.
The second number, 60, refers to the aspect ratio – for example a number of 60 indicates that the profile height of the tire is 60% of the tires total width.
The higher this number the thicker the rubber that is in contact with the ground. A high aspect ratio is a good thing when you are looking to reduce road noise.
Tire Construction Type
R = Radial Construction
The letter indicates how the tire was constructed. R means it is a Radial tire which is made with cord plies. The vast majority of modern tires are made using radial construction methods so it is very unusual to see any other letter in your tire description.
This doesn’t have any real impact on road noise but it’s worth knowing!
Wheel Rim Number
15 = the tire is designed for a 15 inch wheel rim.
Load Index Number
90 = your tire can handle 600kg of weight.
The next number is the load index number. This tells you how much weight the tire can take. Your car manual will tell an appropriate load index number to use.
It is advisable not to use tires below that number…also don’t use tires which are significantly above that number too as they will be very stiff and will therefore increase road noise.
T = The tire can maintain a maximum speed of 118mph.
The speed rating scale goes from Q to Y. Q rated tires can maintain a maximum speed of 99mph and Y rated tires can maintain a speed of 186mph!
You should check your handbook to ensure that you have the minimum speed rating required as some insurers will not payout on claims if you are using tires with speed ratings that are too low.
However don’t be tempted to get the highest speed rating you can afford as tires with high-speed ratings are incredibly stiff and therefore transmit a lot more road noise than a lower rated tire would.
Tire Noise Ratings
Most manufacturers now include a noise rating with their tires. Tire performance is expressed in two simple ways:
- A decibel rating.
- A three-wave symbol.
The decibel rating is a measure of how many decibels they recorded in their tests as the car rolled past. The test involves driving a car at 50mph past a microphone with the engine turned off, meaning the only sounds picked up come from the rolling of the tires.
With the wave rating system one black line means excellent performance and three black waves indicates very poor performance.
Obviously for road noise reduction you want as few decibels as possible and a one-line rating.
Our top tips for getting the best road noise reducing tires for your car are:
- Get tires which have an appropriate speed rating. If you never drive faster than 70mph you don’t need tires which can do 180mph.
- Get tires which have an appropriate load index number. If you’re not driving a giant wagon then you can get away with a relatively low Load index number that will give a much quieter ride.
- Look for a tire with a high aspect ratio number.
- Check the tire noise rating.
Also Read: How to quieten a generator